Caledonia, Columbia County, Wisconsin

Coordinates: 43°29′1″N 89°30′51″W / 43.48361°N 89.51417°W / 43.48361; -89.51417
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Caledonia, Wisconsin
Location of Caledonia, Wisconsin
Location of Caledonia, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°29′1″N 89°30′51″W / 43.48361°N 89.51417°W / 43.48361; -89.51417
Country United States
State Wisconsin
 • Total63.6 sq mi (164.8 km2)
 • Land59.5 sq mi (154.1 km2)
 • Water4.1 sq mi (10.6 km2)
Elevation1,073 ft (327 m)
 • Total1,495
 • Density19.7/sq mi (7.6/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
FIPS code55-11900[2]
GNIS feature ID1582903[1]

Caledonia is a town in Columbia County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,495 at the 2020 census. The unincorporated community of Durwards Glen is located in the town.


The town was named by Scottish settlers after the Latin name for Scotland.[3]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 63.6 square miles (164.8 km2), of which, 59.5 square miles (154.2 km2) of it is land and 4.1 square miles (10.6 km2) of it (6.46%) is water.


Historical population

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,171 people, 451 households, and 343 families residing in the town. The population density was 19.7 people per square mile (7.6/km2). There were 713 housing units at an average density of 12.0 per square mile (4.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.63% White, 0.17% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.51% from other races, and 0.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.

There were 451 households, out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.8% were married couples living together, 4.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 17.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the town, the population was spread out, with 24.2% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 30.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 108.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 114.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $48,750, and the median income for a family was $56,042. Males had a median income of $35,156 versus $26,023 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,278. About 4.4% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

Historical sites[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • James S. Towers, farmer, businessman, and Wisconsin State Representative, was born in the town[5]


  1. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ History of the Town of Caledonia, Columbia County, Wisconsin[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "2020 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 15, 2023.
  5. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1909,' Biographical Sketch of James S. Towers, pg. 1112